In the advent of increased socioeconomic status in the society, physical fitness has been a subject of concern for many people with a calculated move to shed off extra pounds and improve the general appearance. A sedentary lifestyle has been on the rise leading to less calorific expenditure and a concomitant statistical rise in overweight and obesity.
Overweight and obesity have been implicated with the emergence of disease burden like altered cholesterol level with low HDL-cholesterol and high LDL-cholesterol, high blood pressure, insulin resistance, cancers, osteoarthritis, sleep breathing problems and obesity hyperventilated syndrome.
- Low-calorie intake.
Lack of caloric balance is the primary cause of overweight and obesity. A high-calorie diet with low-calorie expenditure will lead to weight gain and vise versa. 
There is no firm conclusion on ways to achieve a low-calorie diet but PubMed denotes that a low-fat diet has proven to be more effective than other conventional low-calorie diets. 
There is a common misguided attempt whereby other than taking water, there is a willful nutritional intake restriction for more than 12 hours when one is awake. However, a lot of fat will be burned to supply energy to the body with associated loss of weight, it is a temporal solution and detrimental to ones' health status.
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- Physical activity.
- Dietary coconut oil supplementation.
Coconut oil is a medium-chain triglyceride. Studies have shown that Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCTs) enhances excess calorie burning, increases fat oxidation and increases satiety. 
- Green tea catechins
Another article by PubMed denotes that green tea and caffeine have been proposed to be essential in weight loss programs. Catechins and caffeine- which may be contained in green tea mixture- enhances the body's energy expenditure, fat oxidation and maintains normal metabolic rate during this transition of losing weight. 
- Quality protein in the diet.
In another study published in PubMed to establish the relationship of quality protein, carbohydrate and dietary fat with the percentage of central abdominal fat. The study found out that there is an inverse relationship of the quality of proteins consumed to the total amount of central abdominal fat. 
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Similar post: Satiety Enhancing Food For Weight Loss
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